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时间:17-06-04 13:54:17 | 点击:534

  
  
  

  吴起这个人物在很长一段历史时期里,似乎被人们淡漠了。家父的《吴起传》(北京出版社1991年8月出版)从史学的角度对吴起的有关史料进行了发掘,并对吴起的历史地位给予了应有评价,引起了史学界的重视。1992年我又把《吴起传》改写成少年儿童读物——《吴起》,1993年由天津新蕾出版社出版。但是《吴起传》是一本专业性很强的学术著作,流传范围因此受到很大限制,《吴起》一书则是一本4万多字的历史故事,又只适于初、高中学生阅读,而在现存的文艺作品(包括传统戏剧、评书、等)中,竟没有一部是以吴起为主人公的!这不能不让我为吴起感到难过!吴起这位战国早期的政治家、军事家、改革家的光辉事迹,应该让广大人民群众有所了解!因此写一部通俗的《吴起传》成了我和父亲的最大心愿。

  正值此时,花山文艺出版社的张志春先生约家父与我合写《吴起(文学)传》,天赐良机,于是我们欣然答应了。

  在历史上对吴起的评价往往贬多于褒,这主要是因为吴起所崇尚的、所推行的“法治”制度,是与后世封建统治者所奉行的“人治”政策完全针锋相对的。由于这个原因,连司马迁这样的史学家,在他的著作中,吴起也被充满敌意的描述成一个毫无人性、杀人不眨眼的魔王——这对吴起来说无疑是极不公平的!

  吴起是推动中国从旧的奴隶制向封建制转化的先行者!

  吴起是推动中国法制史进入一个崭新阶段的领头人!吴起创建魏武卒,著《吴起兵法》,创下了“大战七十二,全胜六十四,其余均解(不分胜负)”的奇功伟迹!在军事史上可与孙武并称!

  吴起变法改革的经验教训直接影响了后世的商鞅,正是吸取了这些经验教训,商鞅才能成功的推行那决定秦国命运,也决定了中国命运的商鞅变法!在中国由分裂走向统一的艰难历程上,吴起功不可没!

  要还吴起的本来面目——我们在创作过程中,脑海里久久回荡着这句话。

  由于史料的缺乏,书中的一些情节,不可避免的是虚构出来的,但故事的框架、纪年都力求尊重史料。如吴起攻占西河一事在不少史料中都可以找到,但大多只有一两句话,我们便在史料记载的基础上,添加了一些细节的描写,力图使故事生动一些——因为它毕竟是一本文学作品,而不是史学专著!

  在此要感谢张志春先生对我的信任!正是这份信任,才使我这个二十二岁的年轻人鼓足勇气,开始了本书的创作。因为要写一部二、三十万字的历史小说——这对我来说是一个“第一次”,其难度是可想而知的。

  在写作过程中,我得到了很多老师、朋友的帮助。谭家健先生、孙禄怡女士两位老师在百忙中抽出时间审阅了书稿,并提出了宝贵的意见。在此,我向他们表示诚挚的谢意!另外,赵晓松、李昕、吴义、陈光等众多朋友也从各个方面给予了很大帮助,在此一并致谢!

  由于我们水平有限,不尽人意之处难免。但我们勉力为之,意在抛砖引玉——希望能以此引发各界人士对吴起研究的兴趣,更希望各位老师、前辈和读者朋友们对本书提出批评,我们将不胜感激!

  孙东

  1995年8月16日于紫竹院昌运宫寓所

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