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时间:18-02-14 12:32:21 | 点击:4518

  
  
  

  赵执信不仅是清初的一位著名的现实主义诗人,还提出了一套较为完整的诗歌理论。他主张 诗之中要有人在 ,反对脱离现实,无病呻吟;主张 诗之外要有事在 ,强调诗歌的现实意义和教育作用;主张 文意为主,以语言为役 ,要求形式服从内容,语言为内容服务;主张作家 从其所近 ,自由选择艺术风格,反对用 神韵 的唯一尺度去衡量作品的好坏;反对京派主义倾向,培养真

  正的新生力量;反对赏识善于谄媚逢迎的庸人,要选择有真才实学的 佳士 等一系列主张和见解。在当时的诗坛上,王士祯的 神韵说 风靡一时,而在创作上与之抗衡、在理论上与之辩驳的唯有赵执信。赵、王二人之所以由原来相互唱和、彼此欣赏发展到相互诟厉,关键就在于他们的诗歌理论不同,各执一端,互不相让。

  关于赵、王诗派评论,《清史列传》卷七十一及《四库全书总目》卷一百七十三有所论述: 平心而论,王以神韵缥缈为宗;赵以思路境刻为主。王之规模阔于赵,而流弊伤于肤廓;赵之才锐于王,而末派病于纤小。使两家互救其短,乃可以各见其长;正不必论甘而忌辛,好丹而非素也。 今人任道斌先生给了赵执信一个更中肯的评价: 虽然执信一生潦倒以终,但在漫长而坎坷的生活道路上,他自强不息,勤奋创作,为后人留下了一千多首诗歌和多篇散文、诗论,能在形式主义诗风盛行、 神韵说 泛滥的清初诗坛上独树一帜,以现实主义的笔触去揭露封建社会的残酷与黑暗,并表现自己不与世沉浮的抗争精神,丰富了清初的诗坛,为当时的文学发展增添了绚丽的色彩。

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